This site, created by Howard Kramer, is a combination travel blog and online guide to the world's greatest sites of religious interest (with some historic and recreational places thrown in for good measure). For some reason we didn’t visit it in when we first arrived like everyone else, so after 1 month in Damascus we thought it was time! Copyright © 2020 The Complete Pilgrim, LLC || Marietta, GA 30068 ||, Not currently available due to ongoing problems in the region, 5 PLACES TO VISIT IN HISTORIC PHILADELPHIA – MUSLIM TRAVEL ROCKS, MOVING THE U.S. EMBASSY TO JERUSALEM – FAITH IN FAITHS. Within the Umayyad Mosque complex are three minarets. Apr 4, 2018 - Explore Hazar Elhassani's board "Umayyad mosque" on Pinterest. Umayyad Mosque (Damascus) - 3D Virtual Tour Umayyad Mosque (Damascus) virtual tours can be started by clicking the preview window or by downloading the stand-alone versions. The basilica should have been smaller the the actual mosque, and no traces seems exists at our time. Although it has been a Muslim city for the better part of thirteen centuries, Damascus has been home to a substantial Christian population for nearly two thousand years.  Old Damascus has a large Christian quarter that dominates the eastern half of the city.  The Chapel of Ananias supposedly stands on the place where Ananias baptized Paul, and St. Paul’s Chapel marks the spot where Paul escaped from the city in a basket over the wall.  There are at least half a dozen other shrines throughout the region that claim to be home to the relics of John the Baptist.  There is a pretty good chance that the body was once interred in the Tomb of John the Baptist in Sebaste in Palestine, while the head was probably kept for a while at the Fortress of Herod at Machaerus.  John the Baptist is still highly venerated at both of these places. The mosque is also famous for its minarets, the Minaret of the bride, the Western Minaret and the Minaret of Jesus. Information on Arab tribes migration during the Umayyad, Abbasid, and Fatimid eras? For most of art historians, antiques foundations and exterior walls of the mosque seems more be those of ancient Jupiter temple. http://bertrandterlindeninarchitecture.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/03-10-damas-temenos-et-eglise-entre-635-et-705.jpg, http://bertrandterlindeninarchitecture.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/03-09-damas-grande-mosquee-plan.jpg, The Umayyads conquer Constantinople in 717. With the rise of Islam, Damascus found itself in the world spotlight.  Soon after the death of the Prophet Mohammed, Muslim armies swarmed out of Arabia conquering everything in their path.  The city of Damascus was taken and became the forward base for further campaigns against the Byzantine Empire.  The Caliph Omar chose Damascus as his new capital and within a few short years was one of the world’s largest cities.  The Umayyads adorned it with immense new public works including the Umayyad Mosque.  Taking a cue from the area’s many Byzantine churches, the Muslims decided to sanctify the mosque with an important relic, and brought the head of John the Baptist there, possibly from Herod’s fortress at Machaerus. After a number of victories, Mu‘awiya emerged as the sole ruler of the Muslim world. The beautiful identical twin minarets of this outstanding Islamic architectural masterpiece can easily be notice as one drives along the Shaikh Salman Road in Khamis, even from a distance. Known locally as Mezquita-Catedral, the Great Mosque of Cordoba is one of the oldest structures standing from the late 8th century. Just drag the mouse to the direction you want to look. The mosque stands on the site of a 1st-century Hellenic temple to Jupiter and of a later church of St. John the Baptist. Thanks for your reply. Christianity arrived in Damascus at a very early date, perhaps as early as 35 AD.  Ananias, one of the Seventy Disciples, began evangelizing there in the years following the Pentecost.  One of the most pivotal moments in early Christian history took place here.  Paul, the great persecutor of the disciples of Jesus, received a vision of Christ on the road to the city and was overcome with blindness.  Shortly afterwards he arrived in Damascus where he was cured and formally converted to Christianity by Ananias.  Damascus became an important place of refuge for Christians during the Jewish revolts.  It is even possible that the Patriarchate of Jerusalem relocated to Damascus for a time in the 1st and 2nd centuries. Copyright © 2006-2020 Historum. Apr 19, 2016 - 4Photo:The Umayyad Mosque, also known as the Great Mosque of Damascus, Syria. Howard has been writing about religious sites for the better part of the last decade, and The Complete Pilgrim is a culmination of years of his work and passion. Still standing, only a few kilometers from Córdoba, we will find the archaeological site of the palatine city of Madinat al-Zahra. The emplacement of the ancient basilica is controversial. The minaret of Aleppo's world-famous Umayyad Mosque has been destroyed in fighting between Syrian forces and rebels. Learn more about the Great Mosque in this article. The Damascus Umayyad Mosque was one of the first monumental structures of Islamic architecture built. In the two decades since he has traveled to more than two dozen countries and almost every state, visiting and photographing hundreds of the world’s greatest churches, synagogues and other places of religious interest. Victories, mu‘awiya emerged as the Great Umayyad Mosque is also famous for its minarets, Great. 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