PERISCOPE HOUSING ASSEMBLY ARMY TANK … [139][5] They are also salvaged for parts to maintain other vehicles still in service. An additional inventory of tanks from the CONUS M60 fleet were available at the same unit price for other approved purchasers.[99]. Due to the end of the Cold War, surplus US Army M1A1s were absorbed by the US Marines replacing their M60A1s on a one for one basis, allowing the Marine Corps to quickly become an all-M1 tank force at reduced cost. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. The development of the M60-2000 was primarily due to the large number of M60 Main Battle Tanks in service with many Middle Eastern nations unable to afford a sufficient force of more modern main battle tanks. Together with the large number of M60MBTs still in foreign service and a large US Army surplus inventory, several upgrades for the tank were offered starting in 1985. In the movie Tank with James Garner, you get a lot of shots of him driving the tank with his head stuck out a small hatch M4A3. On 21 August 1976, President Ford conferred with Henry Kissinger and green lighted Operation Paul Bunyan with a platoon of M60A1s reinforcing elements of the US 9th Infantry Regiment (Task Force VIERRA) at the south end of the Bridge of No Return in response to the Korean axe murder incident. However the conversion of earlier models to M60A3/E60B tanks continued for Foreign Military Sales (FMS) with the last tanks delivered to Israel in May 1986[96] and a conversion total of 3,268 E60Bs. The applique armor comprised of an outer layer of high-hardness steel armor panels and an inner layer of ceramic inserts covering the base M60A1 vehicle. The T95E5 turret used on the M60 was hemispherically shaped and bore a strong resemblance to the M48 Patton. [55] At a range of 2000 meters, hit probabilities of better than 70% from a moving M60A1 were obtained in Aberdeen[55] test results while without a stabilizer it was essentially zero. It included the upgraded AVDS-1790-2C RISE diesel engine and CD-850-6 transmission that featured several changes in order to improve service life and reliability. Even the M1 Abrams, first introduced alongside the M60A3 TTS, has gone through several rounds of upgrades. This system could be used by the gunner to engage targets with unguided M409 rounds while the vehicle was in motion, but the tank had to remain stationary when firing and tracking an MGM-51 missile. The M60 tank was originally based on the M48 Patton tank. The T254E2 gun was chosen to be the main weapon of the tank in August 1958 being standardized as the M68 105mm gun. Under starlight conditions, they will provide recognition beyond 500 meters with the use of an IR searchlight. In addition, both depots converted a total of 1,391 M60A1 RISE tanks to the M60A3 TTS. [108] The tank is armed with a RUAG Land Systems L50 120 mm smoothbore Compact Tank Gun (CTG) with a firing rate of 6-10 rounds per minute. These changes increased the vehicle weight to 62-63 tons.[115]. The second generation had enhanced night-fighting capabilities and in most cases NBC protection. This hull model was used on the M60A1, M60A2 and M60A3 models of the M60-series as well as the M728A1 and M60A1 AVLB. It was an improvement over the M-48 of the Korean and Vietnam era. The T254 guns used British X15/L52 barrels with a concentric bore evacuator on the barrel. Removing the cupola lowered the vehicle's relatively high silhouette. The program to develop the M60A1 was approved in early 1960 in conjunction with abandoning further development of the advanced composite armor and the closure of the T95 Medium Tank project. Additionally the German company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann offered the Super M48 MOLF, applying this design to the M48A2/A3.[104]. For the time of flight of the missile, the gunner had to keep the cross-hairs pointed at the target. Some 1,400 were transferred to NATO allies from 1991 to 1993 under the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe and some were sold, mainly to Middle Eastern countries. machine gun mounted in a cupola on top of the turret. [103] This design was similarly developed independently by Israel in their Magach 7 series. M60s for use in foreign military service were designated as the E60 series by the US Foreign Military Sales (FMS). The M60A2 proved a disappointment, though its technical advancements would pave the way for future tanks. The M60 tank was a classic example of how a progressive system of upgrades can keep a weapon system viable for a half century or more. [118] It was unveiled at the Bahrain International Defense Exhibition and Conference (BIDEC) at Manama, Bahrain in 2017. These events spurred the United Kingdom to develop a new tank gun in 1956, the Royal Ordnance L7 to keep the Centurion viable against this new Soviet tank design and the United States to develop the XM60 tank in 1957. This necessitated a turret redesign to accommodate the new gun which increased the internal volume of the turret while giving it a lower profile. The M60 looks likely to serve into the third decade of the twenty-first century—or further. There is a hobby shop in Madrid that carries some of their other resin products, no interior. Compared to the Shillelagh system, the use of the 105mm gun increased the overall tank weight by about 1700 pounds. It was fitted with a mock-up of the new designed full-vision commander's cupola. Production pilot 2 was finished on 4 August and used to develop technical publications and an additional 47 tanks produced to complete the first low rate production buy. The requirements also differed for the tank because of its ability to carry a much heavier weapon system. (2005). [18] Testing and development cycles occurred simultaneously with production to ensure speedy delivery of new tanks. [57] The drive sprocket is located at the rear of the hull. Along with the M46, M47, and M60, the M48 was named the “Patton,” after World War II commander George S. Patton. The third concept was to mount the 90mm T208 smooth-bore main gun and the T95E6 turret with the T6 cupola of the T95 tank. It used a vertical sliding breechblock instead of the T254E1's horizontal breechblock. Pilot 1 was sent for evaluation at the Eglin Air Force Base climatic hangar, while Pilot 2 was tested at the Yuma Test Station,[61] and Pilot 3 underwent field trials at Fort Knox. 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