Paul is even more pointed, however, in 2 Corinthians 3:1–18, where he explicitly contrasts the new and the old covenants, highlighting the vast inferiority of the old compared with with the surpassing glory and permanence of the new. In the New Testament, Luke 22:20 states "Likewise, he took the cup after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood, which is poured out for you."".. And then he spells out the particulars by which it will be characterized as new. The Old Covenant and the New Covenant Gave Rise to a Group of Holy Writings. The New agreement between God and man, in contrast to the Old, requires circumcision (repentance) of the heart (Acts 2:38, 3:19, Romans 2:25 - 29, Philippians 3:3, Colossians 2:11 - 13) and the Holy Spirit is made freely available to believers (Matthew 5:21 - 48, Romans 7:6, Galatians 2:20, Hebrews 8:10 - 12). However, 2 Corinthians 3 does reveal some of the most basic building blocks to the new covenant. Hebrews 7:22 The old written covenant ends in death; but under the new covenant, the Spirit gives l Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life. It will not be like the old covenant. The old covenant and the Mosaic Law are now obsolete, for the new covenant supersedes the old covenant. 1. (2 Corinthians 3:5-6 TNIV) Believers today are ministers of a new covenant. The moment we make Jesus our Lord, we enter into a blood-covenant relationship with God. The New Covenant. This is a hint that the new covenant community as a whole will exhibit a faithfulness to the new covenant that the old covenant community lacked. It will be a new covenant (see Hebrews 8:8–12). There, he made a covenant with them. We will consider merely three as we paint with very broad strokes in order to draw out the implications of Paul’s new covenant theology. All that the Father has, He turned over to Jesus in the New Covenant (John 16:15). We are about to embark in our study of 2 Corinthians, chapter 3, on a very, very important study. In 2 Corinthians 3, Paul makes a great deal of the supremacy of the New Covenant over the Old, showing how the New Covenant relies upon the working of God’s Spirit, rather than by our efforts, or by focusing on mere externals. 31:32). (a) What four things did Jehovah promise through the Abrahamic covenant? When we receive, trust, and imitate the love of Jesus, we begin to live as the humans God created us to be. The new covenant comes through the death of Jesus Christ. The new covenant is unlike the old covenant which was broken by the vast majority of ancient Israelites (Jer. Forgiveness of sins is now only in the new covenant through Jesus's death on the cross and resurrection. 2 Corinthians 5:14-21 In Jesus’ death and resurrection, we see that true covenant faithfulness looks like self-giving love . For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second… 2 Corinthians 3:6-11 Who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament; not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life… the mediator. ... 2 Corinthians 3 2 Corinthians 3 Hebrews 8 Hebrews 8. Then the writer to the Hebrews says in Hebrews 8:13, “In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete.” He is promising a new covenant. This came to be called “the old covenant” in relation to “the new covenant.” (2 Corinthians 3:14) By means of the old covenant, Jehovah administered in an illustrative way the fulfillment of his covenant with Abraham. In the Old Covenant, the priesthood covered or atoned for the sins of the Israelites—the breaking of the Law—through the shedding of the blood of animals. 9. This is a covenant not of written laws, but of the Spirit. 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